Temminck’s Lark (Male)
Scientific Name 
Eremophila bilopha
Arabic Name 
الحمرة المقرنة الشرقية
Kuwaiti name 
14.0 cm
Least Concern


Uncommon disperser in autumn, winter and spring; breeds in Kuwait. A bird of the open flat desolate desert. Sometimes observed in small flocks; up to 22 seen together in mid March 2001.
Where in Kuwait 
This lark is a bird of open stony semi-desert and is frequently found in areas vacated by goat, sheep and camel herders in the western desert
In the world 
It has a large range with a population that is estimated to be in decline following a recorded decline in Israel in the 1980s, probably owing to habitat loss. It breeds across much of north Africa, through northern Saudi Arabia to western Iraq. Unlike most other larks, this is a distinctive looking species on the ground and the summer male has black "horns", which give this species its alternative name.
Local threats 
Habitat loss and degradation