Indian Reef Heron (Dark morph)
Indian Reef Heron (White morph)
Indian Reef Heron (Immature dark morph)
Scientific Name 
Egretta gularis schistacea
Arabic Name 
الغرنوق الأسود الهندي
Kuwaiti name 
بو الخصيف
90.0 cm
60.0 cm
Least Concern
Similar species 


Very common resident. Kuwait’s most widespread Herons and is found in two distinct colour forms (a dark and pale form). Care should be taken not to confuse the pale form with the similar sized Little Egret
Where in Kuwait 
This species nests in large mixed colonies on Warba and Bubiyan Island. It was also recorded nesting on shipwrecks and even on Kubbar island in 1921. Recently 900 breeding adults were recorded on Bubiyan. This species is present throughout the year predominantly along much of the coastline.
In the world 
This species has a large range, when not breeding it is a solitary feeder, although it is occasionally found in small groups with often both colour forms together.
Local threats 
As it is primarily coastal, oil pollution is a major threat. Like the Western Great Egret, this species was also persecuted and hunted for the plume trade in the past, but has since recovered since this practice was abolished.