Eurasian Curlew
Eurasian Curlew
Scientific Name 
Numenius arquata
Arabic Name 
كروان الماء الكبير
Kuwaiti name 
90.0 cm
55.0 cm
Near Threatened
Similar species 


Very common winter visitor, common passage migrant and summer visitor. Up to 1500 recorded in Kuwait Bay in early April 1999. It’s population has declined in recent years; threatened by development of roosting sites, mudflat degradation and human disturbance.
Where in Kuwait 
Large wader with long down-curved bill that feeds by probing soft mud for small invertebrates, but will also pick small crabs and earthworms off the surface if the opportunity arises. The familiar call, from which this bird gets it name, is a loud curloo-oo. It is almost exclusively a coastal species and can be found along the coastline, but has also been recorded occasionally on large inland farmlands.
In the world 
A Near Threatened but widespread species which remains common in many parts of its range. Declines have been recorded in several key populations and overall a moderately rapid global decline is estimated.It winters around the coasts of north-west Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa, the Middle East, the Indian Subcontinent, South-East Asia. Most populations of this species are fully migratory.
Local threats 
Wintering populations are threatened by disturbance on inter-tidal mudflats, development on high-tide roosting sites, pollution.