Black Tern
Scientific Name 
Chlidonias niger
Arabic Name 
الخرشنة السوداء
Kuwaiti name 
66.0 cm
23.0 cm
Least Concern
Similar species 


Vagrant. Mainly seen singly in spring or autumn passage, but sporadically in winter. This species’ populations migrate well to the west of Kuwait, rarely reaching its territory. In non-breeding or transitional plumages it can be confused with other marsh terns.
Where in Kuwait 
Only 12 records in Kuwait with the most recent seen in May 2013 in the Jahra Bay area, in fact almost all records of this species is from Jahra Bay and Sulaibikhat
In the world 
It has an extremely large range with a decreasing population and is strongly migratory and travels both over land and over sea. It frequents inland wetlands including pools, ditches, reservoirs, lakes and sewage farms, as well as coastal habitats and estuaries. It is unmistakable during the breeding season, when it displays the distinctive dark plumage for which it is named. It occupies very different habitats during the breeding and non-breeding seasons
Local threats 
Pollution and loss of habitat