European Robin
European Robin
European Robin
European Robin
Scientific Name 
Erithacus rubecula
Arabic Name 
أبو الحناء
14.0 cm
Least Concern


Uncommon winter visitor. One of Eurasia’s most common forest and garden birds; occurs in very small numbers in Kuwait. It is rather shy and confined to areas with trees and bushes; often heard before it is seen.
Where in Kuwait 
A bird that is normally associated with winter snow and Christmas trees is always a surprise to see in the deserts of Kuwait in winter. It is often seen in areas with both dense vegetation and open areas and has been recorded in the Jahra area and as far west as Al Abraq
In the world 
It has an extremely large range and a population that is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. It is widely distributed throughout Britain, with the exception of islands and the higher hills of Scotland. It also occurs throughout much of Europe, reaching as far east as central Siberia, as well as parts of North Africa and Turkey.It is undoubtedly one of Britain's most dearly loved birds and is instantly recognisable due to the rusty-red breast. It features prominently in British folklore and has become strongly associated with Christmas, taking a starring role on many Christmas cards since the mid 19th century. The Robin has also appeared on many Christmas postage stamps.
Local threats 
Habitat loss and degradation