Common passage migrant and uncommon summer visitor; breeds in Kuwait. This species seems to have profited from the spread of plantations, gardens and farms; it is currently breeding widely, even in urban areas. Tail bobbing is often observed in this species.
Where in Kuwait
It is seen in trees and bushes in a range of habitats, including parks, cultivated areas, gardens, parks and palm oases wherever these may occur in Kuwait
In the world
It has an extremely large range with a stable population and breeds across North Africa, south-eastern Europe, the Arabian Peninsula and into central Asia. In winter, it migrates south of the Sahara to East Africa, as well as spending the winter locally in south-western Arabia. It will also feed on the ground and often forages in low scrub on migration and has a distinctive habit of repeatedly flicking the tail downwards while foraging (3), often accompanying each tail dip with a call.
Habitat loss and degradation